National Aviation University International Education Centre


About Ukraine

State: Ukraine
Capital: Kyiv
Area: 603 700 km2
Population: 48 000 000
Official language: Ukrainian
Independence day: 24 August 1991
Measures: The Metric System
Currency: Hryvnia (UAH)
Time: GMT +2
Voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz
Phone code: +380
Internet domain zone: .ua

Geografic location
Ukraine is situated in the central part of the Eastern Europe. It has common borders with Byelorussia in the north, Hungary, Romania and Moldova in the south and the southwest, Russia in the east, Poland and Slovakia in the west. The Southern coast of Ukraine is washed by Black and Azov seas. Ukraine stretches 893 kilometers from the north to the south, and 1316 kilometers from the west to the east. The country occupies the area of 603,7 square kilometers.

National symbols
The State Symbols of Ukraine are State (National) Flag of Ukraine, National Insignia (The coat of arms) and National Anthem. State Flag consists of two equal stripes of yellow and blue colors. The Big State Insignia of Ukraine (also is known as Trident )is being formed and adjusted for the Small State Insignia and the Insignia of Zaporizhzhya Host. It is set according to Law, adopted by two thirds of Constitutional Staff of Verkhovna Rada. The main element of the Big State Insignia of Ukraine is the Sign of Knyazha Derzhava (Prince's Country) of Volodymyr Velyky (the Great) – the Small Insignia of Ukraine. The State Anthem is the National Hymn "Ukraine is still alive" with music, written by M.Verbitsky, and words, adopted by two thirds of Constitutional Staff of Verkhovna Rada.

The Nature and the Climate of Ukraine
The relief of Ukraine is mainly flat. 95 % of its territory is occupied by plains and only 5 % by mountains. The Ukrainian Carpathian mountains (the highest point – mountain Goverla – 2061 meter) are situated near the western borders of the country, and the Crimean mountains (the highest point is mountain Roman Kosh - 1545 meters) are situated in the extreme south of the country. The greatest river of Ukraine is the Dnipro river, which is 2201 kms long, and 981 kms of which flow through the territory of Ukraine. In general Ukraine is a country with a moderately continental climate and clearly recognizable change of four seasons. Winter is rather mild, average temperature in January is -7°C with snowfalls, but sometimes there are severe frosts, temperature can range up to -35°C. If in winter time you come from a country with hot and dry weather, bring all warm clothes you have, probably you will have to buy something in arrival . Summer is quite hot and dry with occasional showers and thunderstorms. The average temperature of July is +24°C. You can view the weather forecast in Ukraine for next few days here.

The administrative and territorial division
Ukraine is divided into twenty-four oblasts (provinces) and one autonomous republic Crimea. Additionally, two cities, Kiev and Sevastopol, have a special legal status. The oblasts are subdivided into 494 raions (districts). The greatest cities of Ukraine are Kyiv, Kharkov, Dnepropetrovsk, Donetsk, Odessa, Lviv. The capital of Ukraine Kyiv is one of the biggest cities in Europe. It stands pre-eminent as the administrative, economic, research, cultural and educational centre of Ukraine. The area of Kyiv is 836 sq. km. Only 350 sq. km or 42,3% have been built up within the city limits. All the rest is the area of reservoirs and forest tracts and green plantings in general use. The area of green plantings constitutes 214 sq. m per one citizen; this is one of the best indicators in the world. The population in Kyiv is over 3 000 000.

The population of Ukraine
In the beginning of 2001 the population of Ukraine was 49,5 millions people. By the size of its population Ukraine occupies the 5-th place in Europe (after Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France) and 21-st place in the world. The urban population makes 68 %, rural – 32 %. The average population density is 85 persons per 1 sq. km. Average life expectancy for men is approximately 61 years, for women – 73 years. Ukrainians make 78% of the total population. 14 millions (22 %) of Ukrainian citizens are representatives of other nationalities: Russians, Byelorussians, Moldavians, Bulgarians, Poles, Hungarians, Romanians, Greeks, Tatars, Armenians, Gypsies, Crimean Tatars, Germans and others.

National currency
Ukraine is not very expensive country as for Western tourists. The national currency of Ukraine is – Hryvnia (100 Kopiykas). Foreign currency may be exchanged for hryvnas in banks and in numerous currency exchange offices. The most widespread foreign currencies in Ukraine are US dollar and Euro. Credit cards become more and more widespread in Ukraine, but not all organizations accept them for payment. The most of hotels, restaurants and shops accept credit cards for payment. The official rate you can see at the site of National bank of Ukraine .

High education in Ukraine.
Higher education in Ukraine has centuries-old history, national traditions and high prestige in the world. Higher school in Ukraine has got developed training, scientific and social infrastructure and is ready to give an opportunity to every citizen of Ukraine or citizen of any other country to obtain education of different levels, to study at proficiency improvement or advanced courses, to study at post-graduate courses or to write doctorate dissertation, to take part in fundamental and applied researches. According to the "Law on Education" of Ukraine higher education of Ukraine has several categories of higher educational institutions, which correspond, as a rule, to four levels of accreditation: Level one includes vocational schools and the like who train junior specialists. Level two are colleges and similar organizations who teach bachelors. Level three is made up of universities, institutes, academies and conservatories which provide education for bachelors and specialists. Level four includes universities, conservatories, institutes and academies which educate bachelors, specialists and masters. The higher educational institutions of III-IV levels of accreditation in Ukraine includes 315 institutions, including 223 institutions of the state form of ownership. Among them there are 106 universities, 59 academies and 150 institutes. 48 universities and academies have the status of the national ones. Higher educational institutions possess powerful scientific and teaching potential. Scientific and teaching staff accounts about 80, 000 persons; among them - 4, 500 doctors of science, 33, 000 candidates of science, more than 5,000 professors and around 27, 000 assistant professors. Graduates of higher educational institutions who have outstanding inclinations for scientific-research work have an opportunity to continue their studies at the post-graduate and doctorate course. Terms of entrance and study of foreigners at Ukraine’s Higher education institutions According to the "Law of Education" of Ukraine all applicants entering a higher educational institution have equal rights irrespective of their sex, race, nationality, social and property status, occupation, outlook, religion, etc. Education for foreign students in Ukraine is carried out accoding to the Law of Ukraine "On the Legal Status of Foreigners", and the resolution of Ukainian Government on training foreign citizens in Ukraine. According to these documents foreign citizens may arrive for training in Ukrainian educational establishments only from 15th of August to 15th of November. The academic year in the higher educational institutions of Ukraine starts on the 1st of September and is divided into two terms, from Septenber to the end of January and from February to the end of June. The term lasts 17-18 weeks, followed by a 3 weeks examination period. A foreign applicant who would like to study at higher educational institutions in Ukraine gets a visa at the embassy or diplomatic representatives of Ukraine in the home country on the grounds of the invitation from the higher educational institution.

Holidays in Ukraine

1 JanuaryNew Year
7 January Orthodox Christmas
8 March International Women's Day
27 April (2008) Easter
1.2 May Labor Day
9 May Victory Day
15 June (2008) Trinity Day
28 June Constitution Day
24 August Ukrainian Independence Day
Common frases If you are ready to visit Ukraine it would be useful to learn some frases in Ukrainian. English (literate) Transliterate Ukrainian Good morning (day, evening)! Dobrogo ranku (dnya, vechora)! Доброго ранку (дня, вечора)! Hello! Pryvit! Привіт! How are you? Yak spravy? Як справи? Please Byd' laska Будь ласка Thank you D'akuyu Дякую Welcome to Ukraine! Laskavo prosymo do Ukrainy! Ласкаво просимо до України! My name is ... Mene zvut' ... Мене звуть ... Good luck! Hai shastyt' ! Хай щастить!